Like any other animals, reptiles can contract a range of diseases, including poxvirus, adenovirus, and herpesvirus. The single best way to protect your reptile from these is to keep them secluded in a safe environment, For instance, cleaning the vivarium, any food bowls, and ensuring that you’re giving them the right temperature environment to suit their needs is all crucial. If the tank is too cold, it can cause the spread of bacteria in the moisture, while too hot a vivarium can cause burns which can then become infected.
Proper care and proper feeding of your reptile with the foods recommended by their vet is essential to prevent them from developing some of the most common illnesses. One of these is metabolic bone disorder, which is most frequently caused by a failure to meet their dietary requirements. However, you should also make sure that they get enough vitamin D through UV light, whether this means taking them outdoors for a time or fitting their home environment with a UV light. Certain reptiles are more susceptible to vitamin D deficiency than others so be sure to ask your vet for their recommendations.
You don’t need to have fur to be at risk of parasites. If you don’t clean their food bowl and water supply, reptiles can ingest parasitic eggs as easily as anything else. However, the most common risk comes from mites that can cause a lot of irritation by crowding around the joints, eyes, and ears of the reptile. Pest control services can make sure that your home is secured against the vast majority of unwanted visitors. Furthermore, they may be able to offer advice on how to prevent any pests from wanting to get close to the reptile’s home in the first place.
Just as reptiles can suffer from bacterial infections, viruses, and pest infestations, they can also be susceptible to fungal infections. In fact, these are an extra common risk due to how humid their tanks can be. There are anti-fungal sprays that are designed specifically to protect reptiles against these infections, but it’s recommended that you talk to your doctor about whether or not using one is a good idea. They are not well-suited for all reptiles so their applicability might change depending on the species of your scaly-friend.
The factors mentioned above are far from the only risks that your reptiles might face, of course. There’s no replacement for talking to your vet for tips about how to take better care of your pets.